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Pulwama Attack // 2023 detailed article in nutshell// pointwise //

Pulwama Attack

On February 14, 2019, a convoy of vehicles carrying Indian security personnel on the Jammu-Srinagar National Highway was attacked by a suicide bomber in Pulwama, a town in the Indian-administered state of Jammu and Kashmir. The attack was one of the deadliest attacks on Indian security forces in the last decade, claiming the lives of 40 Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) personnel and injuring several others.

Here are some key points about the Pulwama attack:

  1. The attack was carried out by a suicide bomber from the Pakistan-based militant group Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM). The bomber, identified as Adil Ahmad Dar, rammed an explosive-laden vehicle into one of the buses carrying the CRPF personnel.

  2. JeM is a Pakistan-based militant group that has been responsible for several attacks on Indian soil, including the 2001 attack on the Indian Parliament and the 2016 attack on an Indian army base in Uri.

  3. The Indian government immediately condemned the attack and vowed to take strong action against those responsible. India also withdrew the Most-Favoured Nation status that it had accorded to Pakistan in 1996.

  4. In response to the attack, India carried out air strikes on a JeM training camp in Balakot, Pakistan, on February 26, 2019. The Indian government claimed that the strikes had destroyed the camp and killed a large number of terrorists. Pakistan denied that any damage had been done and said that the Indian planes had dropped their bombs in an uninhabited area.

  5. The Pulwama attack led to a surge in anti-Pakistan sentiment in India, with many people calling for a boycott of Pakistani products and artists. The attack also led to a rise in tensions between India and Pakistan, with both countries engaging in a war of words and accusing each other of supporting terrorism.

  6. The Pulwama attack also highlighted the continuing unrest in Jammu and Kashmir, a region that has been a source of conflict between India and Pakistan for several decades. The attack came at a time when there was already a high level of security alert in the region due to ongoing violence and protests.

  7. In the aftermath of the Pulwama attack, the Indian government took a number of steps to improve security in the region, including increasing the number of troops and strengthening the border fence.

  8. The Pulwama attack also led to a renewed debate in India about the country's policy towards Pakistan and the need for a more robust response to cross-border terrorism. Many experts called for a more nuanced and balanced approach, arguing that India needs to address the root causes of terrorism and engage in dialogue with Pakistan.

In conclusion, the Pulwama attack was a tragic and senseless act of violence that claimed the lives of 40 brave CRPF personnel. The attack highlighted the continuing threat of terrorism in the region and the need for a coordinated and effective response from India and its neighbours. It also raised important questions about India's policy towards Pakistan and the need for a more nuanced and balanced approach to cross-border terrorism.